Updated on August 31, 2020. Medical content reviewed by Dr. Joseph Rosado, MD, M.B.A, Chief Medical Officer
Michigan began formulating legalized medical marijuana back in 2008 when voters approved the measure. The initiation of Legislation legalized the medical use of marihuana. It also provided legal protection for patients and established a statewide marihuana patient registry.
Part of the legislation also provided for cannabis legal reform, with changes to affirmative defenses [Act 283, Eff. Dec. 20 2016]. The measures were legalized in 2008 though the Michigan Compassionate Care Initiative, which was passed with a 63% approval rating by resident vote.
In 2018, the legalization of Adult-Use or recreational cannabis was made law, with a 56% majority vote. Sales of recreational marijuana in Michigan began in December of 2019.
If you have been thinking about getting a Michigan medical marijuana license, you need to know some legal requirements and procedures before you get started.
Patients over the age of eighteen (21) years can apply for their medical marijuana card. Patients are required to have one or more of the qualifying health conditions or symptoms. Patients with chronic or severe symptoms, rare diseases, or terminal illnesses under 18 years must have a designated caregiver.
The minor will still be required to undergo a health evaluation by a board-certified physician in Michigan. This can also be a pediatric review, or in partnership with a child disease specialist. When the caregiver completes the minor’s application, they must provide legal documentation that confirms guardianship and Medical Durable Power of Attorney for the child. Patient applications for minors may not be completed online; they must be submitted as a paper application.
Adult patients aged 18 years or older must create a patient account with the Michigan Medical Marijuana Program (MMMP). Once the secure online account is created, patients must schedule an appointment with an active Michigan physician for a health evaluation.
Patients applying for approval and entry into the Michigan medical marijuana program must provide a completed application form. They must also submit the Physician Certification Form. This is the document that is provided by the Michigan doctor after the health evaluation. The fee for the medical evaluation varies by provider.
A copy of a Michigan driver’s license or another form of government-issued photo identification is needed. Proof of identity can also include a copy of a valid Michigan voter registration. Proof of residency in Michigan can be provided with any government-issued document that shows the applicant’s date of birth, name, and address.
The Michigan medical marijuana card is valid for twenty-four (24) months. The renewal is required up to 60 days before the expiration of the medical marijuana license.
A physician can conduct a medical marijuana card health evaluation on a first and initial visit with the patient in some states. However, in Michigan, the physician must treat the patient on multiple visits before he or she can provide a marijuana card health evaluation.
To establish a patient/physician relationship, multiple visits are required to the doctor before they can evaluate your eligibility for a Michigan medical marijuana card. Patients must fill out the MMMP Michigan medical marijuana application form, and then submit it with proof of residency and the physician recommendation.
If you are getting a Michigan medical marijuana license, you may be wondering about the safety and quality of cannabis products that are cultivated in the state. When you have received your medical marijuana card, you will be able to visit any licensed dispensary to purchase cannabis.
The Michigan Medical Marijuana Program (MMMP) administers the Michigan Medical Marihuana Act. The Metrc is the statewide seed-to-sale marijuana tracking system that uses a serial number to tag every plan cultivated in Michigan. It also serves to monitor the inventory of seedlings and mature plants, and the serialization follows each cannabis plant through processing, manufacturing, and retail sale for product safety.
The standards for safe cultivation in Michigan are taken from an industry-standard resource. The Cannabis Inflorescence: Standards of Identity, Analysis, and Quality Control monograph from the American Herbal Pharmacopeia provides the safety guidelines that Michigan cultivation and processing laws are based on.
To remain compliant, a production facility must conduct ongoing batch quality assurance tests on all marijuana produced in the state. The tests check moisture content, potency, and THC levels, microbes and mycotoxin screening, and check for fungus, insecticides, fungicides, and terpene levels.
The Michigan Marihuana Act & Rules provides legislation for the state medical marijuana program. Medical marijuana regulations and amendments are standard, and patients should bookmark the Michigan Medical Marijuana Program (MMMP) website.
Michigan Department of Health (Medical Marijuana Program) patient resource pages and legislation resource links are as follows: