Iowa Marijuana Penalties

Updated on June 5, 2020.  Medical content reviewed by Dr. Joseph Rosado, MD, M.B.A, Chief Medical Officer

Iowa Medical Marijuana Penalties

Marijuana possession, sale, and manufacture are regulated by both state and federal law. In Iowa, marijuana is classified as a Schedule I substance.(Iowa law does, however, make limited exceptions for low-THC cannabidiol extracts prescribed for certain chronic medical conditions.)

Iowa’s Marijuana Possession Laws and Potential Penalties

Possession of any amount of marijuana in Iowa is a classified as a misdimeanor. First offenders will face up to six months in jail, a fine of up to $1,000, or both. Penalties for a second offense include up to one year in jail, a fine of between $315 and $1,875, or both. Any subsequent offense is an aggravated misdemeanor, and carries up to two years’ imprisonment and a fine of between $625 and $6,250. (Iowa Code §§ 124.401, 903.1 (2019).)

Probation. For possession offenses, the judge may order a defendant placed on probation in lieu of imprisonment, with certain conditions on the probation, such as participation in a drug treatment, rehabilitation, or education program. (Iowa Code § 124.401(5) (2019).)

Possession within 1,000 feet of a school zone. A marijuana possession violation within 1,000 feet of school property, a public park, swimming pool, or recreation center, or while on a marked school bus, is punishable with an additional 100 hours of community service. (Iowa Code § 124.401B (2019).)

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