New Mexico Marijuana Penalties

Updated on June 28, 2021.  Medical content reviewed by Dr. Joseph Rosado, MD, M.B.A, Chief Medical Officer

New Mexico’s medical marijuana program has been in place since 2007. So, it is possible for you to obtain a regular dose of marijuana to treat any qualifying condition. Cannabis in New Mexico is illegal for recreational use, but decriminalization went into effect in July 2019. A bill to legalize recreational use passed the House in March 2019. Medical use was legalized in 2007.  Under New Mexico’s Lynn and Erin Compassionate Use Act, qualifying patients suffering from a state-approved debilitating condition are allowed to possess up to 8 ounces of medical cannabis over a 90-day period.

Possession for Personal Use

Even though marijuana has been decriminalized in 2019, marijuana possession is still illegal. This is despite the fact that majority of New Mexicans support legalizing, taxing, and regulating cannabis or adult use. Adults in possession of less than half an ounce could get fined $50.

If the amount of marijuana found on a person is between one and eight ounces, it is punishable by a 12-month jail term and a fine of $100 to $1,000. Possession of more than eight ounces is regarded as a fourth-degree offense and is subject to an 18-month prison sentence and a fine of $5,000.

Possession With Intent to Distribute

Selling 100 pounds or a smaller quantity of marijuana attracts a jail term of 18 months and a maximum fine of $5,000 for first-time offenders. Subsequent offenses are punishable as third-degree felonies. The offender may be jailed for three years and face a fine of $5,000.

The sale of over 100 pounds of marijuana is a third-degree felony, and it attracts a three-year jail term plus a $5,000 fine. A subsequent offense will be punished by nine years’ imprisonment and a $10,000 fine.

Distributing marijuana to a minor who is under 18 years of age is a third-degree felony that attracts a fine of $5,000 and a jail term of three years. A subsequent offense is subject to a nine-year jail sentence and a fine of $10,000.

Selling or sharing marijuana within an area designated as a drug-free zone either close to a school or a school bus is punishable by a $15,000 fine and 18 years in prison. An exception to this rule may occur if the marijuana is sold within a private residence located within the drug-free zone.


Growing more than 16 plants, the maximum allowed for medical use is a second-degree felony that attracts a nine-year jail term and a $10,000 fine. Subsequent offenses are classified as first-degree felonies and are subject to a fine of $15,000 and 18 years of jail time. Growing marijuana within a school’s drug-free zone is a first-degree felony, and it attracts a jail term of 18 years plus a fine of $15,000.

Locate Licensed Marijuana Doctors in New Mexico

New Mexico’s medical marijuana program allows you to hold and use eight ounces of marijuana over a three-month period — but you need to be registered with the state’s department of health to use the full benefits of this provision.

We have created a reliable network of marijuana doctors who are ready to build a stable physician-patient relationship with you. They can examine, diagnose and certify you for medical marijuana. Our search system provides instant access to our doctors, and it is very easy to use.

Simply type your zip code into the search box, and you will gain access to qualified doctors near you. Take time to view their profiles and get details about their normal business hours, fees and terms of service.

You’ll also find reviews posted by other patients. Take advantage of this opportunity and use our fast and efficient search system to book an appointment today.

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