Medical Marijuana and Bursitis
Joint pain corresponds with arthritis, but a similar condition — known as bursitis — can also cause pain and swelling near the joints. Bursitis is a fairly common condition with about 200,000 cases in the U.S. annually. Bursitis can occur in anyone, although the risk increases with age.
While you can treat mild cases of bursitis with home care and medications, individuals are also leaning to medical marijuana and bursitis to manage the pain and inflammation the condition causes.
What Is Bursitis?
Bursitis is a painful condition in which the bursae, or fluid-filled sacs around the joints, become swollen and inflamed. The bursae are important for proper joint function as they help them comfortably move while cushioning the tendons, bones and ligaments as they move. Bursitis may clear up on its own, but an attack of bursitis can cause pain, swelling, reduced range of motion and mobility issues.
Causes of Bursitis
Bursitis is usually the result of overuse of a joint, but trauma may also cause it. Even leaning or kneeling on hard surfaces for an extended period can increase the risk of bursitis. People who are in weak health, have poor posture or live a sedentary life are at a higher risk of bursitis. Also, people who are very active, such as athletes are also prone to the condition. In some cases, even infection can lead to bursitis. Some diseases, like diabetes and arthritis, are linked with bursitis.
Types of Bursitis
Bursitis can occur at any bursa in the body, although it tends to occur in the most frequently used joints. The most common forms of bursitis include:
- Shoulder bursitis: This is one of the most common places bursitis occurs as it’s the joint with the greatest range of motion in the body. Your shoulder has three major bursae: subdeltoid bursa, subacromial bursa and the subscapular bursa, with the subacromial bursae having the most likelihood of the three of becoming inflamed. Shoulder bursitis is most painful when lying on the affected side or when using the shoulder to reach overhead in a 60 to 90 degrees angle.
- Hip bursitis: This form of the condition frequently affects women, especially middle-aged and older women. Pain is typically worse when lying on the affected side or getting up from a chair. Early on, the pain is intense and sharp, whereas, over time, the pain becomes more of an ache. With hip bursitis, you might need to use a cane or other assisted walking device to get around.
- Elbow bursitis: This form, also called olecranon bursitis, may be the result of overuse in sports, injury or frequent pressure on the elbow. Swelling is one of the initial symptoms of bursitis of the elbow, followed by pain, warmth and redness if the elbow bursa is infected.
- Knee bursitis: Also known as prepatellar bursitis, this form is sometimes called clergyman’s knee or housemaid’s knee. Runners and people who often kneel, such as plumbers, are at a higher risk of bursitis of the kneecaps, according to Stanford Health Care. Localized swelling and inflammation can cause a lime or grapefruit-sized lump on the knee.
While these are the most common forms of the condition, bursitis can occur at any joint, including the base of the big toe, the heel and the wrist.
Bursitis can also be acute or chronic. Acute bursitis flares up and can last hours or days. Chronic bursitis can last anywhere from a few days to several weeks or longer. You can also have recurrent bursitis that comes and goes.
Symptoms of Bursitis
The first sign of bursitis is usually pain near the affected joint along with tenderness and visible swelling. Bursitis pain tends to be at its worst when you use the joint, but many people also experience pain at night while trying to rest. Joint pain can be disabling, depending on the severity of the swelling. Bursitis can also come with a sudden inability to move the joint.
A joint affected by bursitis may feel stiff or achy, hurt when it’s touched or moved, and look red and swollen, with or without a rash.
Effects of Bursitis
While bursitis usually clears up within a few weeks or several months with treatment, the pain and swelling can be disabling and prevent normal use of the affected joint. Some cases of bursitis even require surgical treatment, which comes with its risks and recovery.
Sometimes a bursa is infected as well as inflamed. This condition is called septic bursitis, and it affects an estimated 20 percent of all bursitis cases. Septic bursitis is very serious and may be life-threatening if the infection spreads to the bloodstream or other parts of the body. Septic bursitis has the same symptoms as standard bursitis as well as fever, a general feeling of being sick, extreme redness or warmth of the affected joint, and extreme tenderness of the joint.
People who have chronic bursitis may experience problems with sleep and may develop depression.
Statistics of Bursitis
Facts surrounding bursitis include:
- There are about 160 bursae in the human body, any of which can be affected by bursitis, according to Dr. Marco Funiciello.
- Bursitis is more common in older adults than younger adults. It’s one of the most prominent sources of shoulder pain in seniors.
- Athletes are at a higher risk of developing bursitis, including weekend warriors, as repetitive movements can cause inflammation of the bursae.
- Trochanteric bursitis, which affects the bursa near the hip, occurs more often in women, runners and people between 30 and 50, according to the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine.
- Knee bursitis is common in athletes and affects up to 10 percent of runners, according to the American Physical Therapy Association.
Current Treatments Available for Bursitis and Their Side Effects
You can use treat a standard case of bursitis with rest, elevation, compression and ice packs. Over-the-counter pain medication and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication may also be recommended to reduce inflammation and swelling as well as to relieve pain associated with hip bursitis.
- Anti-inflammatory medications: Such as ibuprofen (Advil and Motrin), aspirin and/or naproxen (Aleve)
- Cox-2 inhibitors: Such as Celebrex
- Acetaminophen: Such as Tylenol
Primary care physicians, rheumatologists, physical therapist and sports medicine specialist all can treat bursitis. Your physician may use cortisone injections to immediately reduce inflammation and improve range of motion, although physicians don’t recommend cortisone as a long-term treatment. If the infection is suspected, your doctor may aspirate the bursa fluid for lab evaluation. Physicians sometimes suggest ultrasound and physiotherapy in the treatment of some cases of bursitis.
Septic bursitis should be treated with antibiotics to clear up the infection before it spreads. The inflamed and infected fluid may also be aspirated repeatedly. Some people require surgical drainage and removal of the bursa sac in a procedure called a bursectomy.
Bursitis usually disappears within a few weeks of treatment, although some cases reoccur or persist for a longer period. In these cases, surgery may be recommended to repair or remove the inflamed bursa sac.
Recent Developments in the Treatment of Bursitis
While surgery is uncommon for hip bursitis, physicians are using a new procedure involving the arthroscopic removal of a bursa. Because the technique is less invasive than many surgeries, you can recover more quickly from the procedure. It’s early on in the use of this technique, but its treatment effectiveness is promising.
How/Why Marijuana Can Be an Effective Treatment for Bursitis
Medical cannabis is an affordable, natural alternative to conventional medications and treatments used to treat a variety of conditions — including bursitis. It doesn’t have the risk of harmful side effects like you get with other conventional medications.
Many patients suffering from inflammation-related conditions like arthritis have found the treatment to:
- Reduce their pain
- Improve their movement
- Reduce their need for other medications
Chronic pain like you experience with bursitis can be an incapacitating condition affecting all aspects of your life. It can make simple tasks like tying your shoes, buttoning your shirt and brushing your hair challenging. After a while, chronic pain can take its toll, and because of your constant battle with pain, you may start feeling depressed.
Medical marijuana and bursitis can significantly ease your chronic pain and other symptoms as well as improve your quality of life. It’s an effective and much safer option for treatment.
The Hebrew University in Jerusalem conducted some research found patients who used cannabis were able to decrease the number of NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs they use. NSAIDs can present numerous side effects that can be potentially harmful and further complicate your bursitis-related problems. The researchers found medical marijuana contained an acid component with as many anti-inflammatory qualities as the medication “indomethacin,” but didn’t have the same gastrointestinal side effects.
Most classes of cannabinoids show anti-inflammatory action, including:
- Endogenous cannabinoids like anandamide
- Noncannabinoid components of weed
- Related compounds like elmiric acids (EMAs)
One example published that’s interesting is caryophyllene — a plentiful cannabis oil component. This component showed a high association with the CB2 receptor and anti-inflammatory activity.
A few other animal studies showing CBDs effectiveness in relieving inflammatory pain and treating conditions like arthritis include:
- A study in 2011 showing CBD affects how pain receptors respond to stimuli resulting in decreasing inflammatory pain in rat models.
- A study in 2016 showed CBD topicals help relieve arthritis-related inflammation and pain.
- A study in 2017 suggests CBD is useful and safe osteoarthritis joint pain treatment.
If you’re looking for pain relief and don’t want to get the “high” sensation, CBD is the answer since it’s non-psychoactive, unlike THC and doesn’t produce mental effects.
What Side Effects/ Symptoms of Bursitis Can Medical Marijuana Treat?
Cannabis and bursitis treatment can effectively help with symptoms related to your bursitis like:
Best Strains of Marijuana to Use for Bursitis to Treat the Symptoms and Treatment Side Effects
Medical pot has long been recognized for helping with numerous debilitating situations and medical conditions. Those having to live with joint-related pain like bursitis can benefit especially from cannabis and bursitis treatment. Some good strains to help with your symptoms include:
- Gorilla Glue # 4 (Hybrid)
- Blueberry Pancakes (Indica)
- Critical Mass (Indica)
- Harlequin (Sativa)
- Ghost Train Haze (Sativa)
Other strains effective in treating arthritis can also be helpful for your bursitis pain and symptoms. For instance, you can try Pennywise an indica strain or AC/DC a sativa strain. Cannatonic, a hybrid strain, gives you a nice mellow and relaxing high that can promote pain relief.
Best Methods of Marijuana Treatment to Relieve Side Effects and Symptoms of Bursitis
You’ll find numerous ways of consuming your marijuana. These include:
- CBD oil
- Tonics and Tinctures
- Butter or cooking oil to use in cakes, cookies, etc.
- Other edibles
Try making some delicious drinks or smoothies with raw cannabis. Consuming cannabis fresh provides you with its full medicinal benefits.
Similar to Tiger Balm or IcyHot, a topical CBD salve can help relieve pain from your joints and muscles affected by bursitis. Talk to your budtender to acquire the type of CBD oil or topical balm, lotion or salve that may help you. Because topicals don’t pass through your bloodstream, they won’t get you high. Instead, they will provide you with the potential for localized relief.
Topicals are great for first-time marijuana users when experiencing localized aches or pains. Even though CBD topicals aren’t psychotropic and won’t get you high, they are still a cannabis product. Therefore, you need to have a qualified medical marijuana doctor recommend them to you and obtain your medical marijuana card to purchase them.
Smoking marijuana is also an option for consumption. However, it can adversely affect the lungs, so other methods to consume cannabis are often recommended before smoking it.
Begin the Process of Getting Medical Marijuana for Bursitis
Continuing evidence is popping up all the time supporting medical weed as being an effective and safe option for treating chronic pain and inflammatory-type conditions. Although more studies are needed to show the exact way cannabis works in relieving pain, it’s quickly becoming an important treatment option these days.
If you’re interested in learning more about medical marijuana and bursitis or any other condition, we encourage you to peruse our comprehensive website MarijuanaDoctors.com. Then, when you’re ready to book an appointment with a qualified medical marijuana doctor and find a cannabis dispensary for your medical marijuana and bursitis products.
You can also shop for marijuana products here, such as medical marijuana CBD topicals and creams. For instance, take a look at CBD Biotech Cream, which is designed to use on sore muscle areas to help relieve pain.