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Cannabinoids Molecular Profile

What you need to know about Cannabinoids

By now people have become aware of the beneficial effects of cannabis on human health and as more studies pave the way for more sensible drug policies, we are beginning to identify what each particular cannabinoid does and how it interacts with our bodies.

There are at least 85 different cannabinoids isolated from cannabis and roughly 500 compounds found within the plant. While these cannabinoids do present medical benefits on their own, they seem to work together to promote even greater health. This is known as the “Net Effect” or the “Entourage Effect”.

The most known Cannabinoids

Probably the most known cannabinoid found in marijuana is THC. This psychoactive cannabinoid is responsible for producing the sense of euphoria associated with cannabis consumption. However, more recently CBD has also been gaining in popularity particularly for medical applications.

Nonetheless, there are more cannabinoids that are currently being studied including:

You can click on any of these to explore these compounds in further details.

How Cannabinoids interact with the body

Located within our bodies are cannabinoid receptors known as CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors are primarily located in the brain. These receptors specifically cluster in the basal ganglia and in the limbic system, which includes the hippocampus. In addition, you can locate these receptors in the cerebellum and in both male and female reproductive systems.

The CB2 receptors are primarily found within the immune system and is found with the higher frequency in the spleen. These receptors are linked to being responsible for anti-inflammatory actions and potentially a wide array of therapeutic effects.

Cannabis and the Endocannabinoid system

The endocannabinoid system are neuromodulatory lipids. The receptors of these lipids are located in the brain and has an impact on several physiological processes including appetite, mood, memory and pain.

The cannabinoids found within the cannabis plant are almost identical to the endocannabinoids produced in the body except for slight structural differences. In other words, your body has a predisposition to interact with cannabinoids found in cannabis.

The endocannabinoid system is also responsible for regulating our immune system and in many cases endocannabinoid deficiency could be the root cause of several conditions and diseases. In the case of endocannabinoid deficiency, people can increase the production of endocannabinoids by ingesting cannabis.

Research on its way

While cannabis has been used as a medicine for quite some time now, science is finally figuring out exactly how it benefits the human body. As laws become more relaxed in regards to cannabis, science will uncover the secrets to how it can treat a wide array of illnesses including cancer and autoimmune conditions.