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Medical Marijuana and Obesity

What Is Obesity?

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has began to accumulate to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on a patient's health. Obesity can lead to a reduced life expectancy and an increased amount of health complications. Individuals who are considered obese have a body mass index that exceeds 30 kg/m squared. Body mass index is a measurement that is obtained by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by the square of a person's height in meters. Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases, particularly heart disease, type two diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer and osteoarthritis.

Medical Marijuana and Obesity

Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food energy intake, lack of physical activity and genetic susceptibility. It is not common that a person is diagnosed with obesity due to genetics; however a few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications or even psychiatric illness. Anti-obesity drugs may be taken to reduce appetite or inhibit fat absorption together with a suitable diet, however many patients do not choose to partake in a medication regimen that revolves around prescription opiates.

Medical marijuana has been recognized as a suitable alternative treatment option for those who suffer from obesity. THCV and cannabidiol, both chemical components in marijuana, suppress appetites. These compounds also have an impact on the level of fat in the body and its response to insulin, a key hormone that controls sugar levels in the blood. Clinical trials of medical marijuana have also shown that marijuana can serve as a treatment for metabolic syndrome, which is a major risk factor involved with diabetes.

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